Who can receive the egg donation?
Couples who may require egg donation can those in which the man is fertile and the woman has no ovaries, but has a normal uterus. In addition, the donation can be useful for women who have ovaries that for various reasons do not function properly due to chromosomal abnormalities, radiation treatments or chemotherapy, menopause, and so on. Finally, egg donation may be particularly important for patients suffering from hereditary diseases, if not possible, after practicing IVF, a selection of healthy embryos to be implanted.
How does the egg donation?
The process of egg donation requires only two meetings at the CIFE. In the first visit you doctor a screening of the couple, or the only woman who does not have a male partner. In the first meeting are recorded phenotypic data, ethnicity, weight, height, color of hair and eyes, as well as the demand for a series of analyzes, fundamental and plan where and when to transfer the embryo into the uterus.
For the man will generally be made investigations on fertility, through the analysis of a semen sample to be studied before being frozen. It is therefore recommended that a period of sexual abstinence should be at least 4 to 7 days. The process of donation and fertilization of the ova is always with frozen semen. This procedure is more convenient for the man who in this dark also avoids a possible meeting with the donor. By law giver must remain anonymous, while as regards the effectiveness of in vitro fertilization, is the same as that which would occur with a seed which is not frozen.
The second visit, in which the embryo transfer takes place, the presence of the male partner is recommended but not essential.
How long does it take to find a donor?
The waiting to find a donor with suitable characteristics such as ethnicity, weight, height, color of hair and eyes, usually ranging between 6 and 8 weeks and there is no waiting list.
How are the egg donors?
The selection of donors is generally between women comprised 18 and 30 years. Giver is informed in detail of coma does the process of egg donation. In the selection process are evaluated clinical history, the condition of gynecological health, as well as blood tests for AIDS, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, haemophilia and thalassemia. If the study analysis are normal, the donor is accepted and will be able to fit free and voluntary, in accordance with the terms of the law, and only donate her eggs to help another woman only to procreate. Donate their eggs for free will not prevent in any case to be reimbursed all expenses incurred for the donation.Finally, it should be remembered that the donor can not claim any right or obligation on pregnancy or on children born with her eggs.
The process of egg donation
The selected donor is subjected to hormone treatment under gynecological control, which aims to stimulate the maturation of eggs in the ovaries. The initiation of treatment coincides with the beginning of the ovulation cycle. After a series of tests through ultrasound scans and blood tests to confirm the response of the ovaries to the treatment, you decide the time of egg collection. This procedure, which involves the puncture of follicles and fully committed to twenty minutes, does not involve any type of suture or an impact particularly traumatic for women, which is usually practiced only a small anesthesia.
After extraction of the eggs, what happens?
The seed of the male partner, previously frozen, is revitalized and microiniettano in each of the mature eggs of the donor with a single morphologically selected sperm. Subsequently, between 16 and 20, it is noted whether fertilization has occurred, after which the transfer is made, usually three days after the extraction of eggs. If the recipient woman could not for some reason do not receive the embryos, they will be frozen and implanted as soon as the receiver is ready to embryo transfer.
How many embryos can be implanted?
Can be transferred from one to three embryos. The decision, in any case, it is up to the couple.Depending on the case, the biological-medical team will advise you to choose which embryos before transfer.
The average conception rate fluctuates between 57% and 69%, which depends on, among other things, on the number of embryos are transferred.